Publication of the NOAA Education Team.
These items are designed for the teacher to use in the classroom or
as background reference material.
Categories of educational information on this page:
ICE AND THE ARCTIC
The Climate TimeLine Information Tool Weather and climate are always in flux, always changing. At times the
changes can be sudden and dramatic, while on other occasions the changes are
subtle and occur over long periods of time. What are the primary causes and
effects of these changes? How do they relate to our everyday lives and to
human history? These and other questions are explored in the Climate TimeLine.
The Climate TimeLine uses 1) meteorological and climatic processes and 2)
specific climate events of the past. This site has been selected by NSTA as a
Sun-Wise School Program - NOAA
partnered with the U.S. EPA to help educators raise sun safety awareness. EPA has developed the
SunWise School Program, a national education program for grades K-8. SunWise Partner Schools sponsor
classroom and schoolwide activities that raise children's awareness of stratospheric ozone
depletion, UV radiation, and simple sun safety practices. SunWise is a collaborative effort of schools,
communities, teachers, parents, health professionals, environmental groups, meteorologists,
educational organizations, and others. With everyone's help, sun protection can
grow beyond classrooms to the entire community.
- El Niño Theme Page - El Niño is a disruption of the ocean-atmosphere
system in the Tropical Pacific Ocean having important consequences for
weather and climate around the globe. NOAA has primary
responsibilities for providing forecasts to the Nation, and a leadership
role in sponsoring El Niño observations and research. This home page
addresses some of the following topics: What is La Niña? What is El
Niño?; The Impacts and Benefits of El Niño; 1997-1999 Information;
Forecasts; List of impacts and prediction benefits; and 3D Animation.
Climate Prediction Center - The Climate Prediction Center
serves the public by assessing and forecasting the impacts of
short-term climate variability and emphasizing enhanced risks of
weather-related extreme events. Educational materials include information
on the ENSO cycle, and fact sheets and monographs.
- Frequently Asked Questions about Global Warming - This site can answer
many questions about
global warming, including: What is the greenhouse effect, and is it
affecting our climate? Are greenhouse gases increasing? Is the climate
warming? Are El Niños related to Global Warming? Is the hydrological
cycle (evaporation and precipitation) changing? Is the
atmospheric/oceanic circulation changing? Is the climate becoming more
variable or extreme?
How important are these changes in a longer-term context? Is sea level
rising? Can the observed changes be explained by natural variability?
The National Climatic Data Center - This web site is a pathway to
connect with both national and global climate data sets used by the
government and the private sector. The Center has a statutory mission
to describe the climate of the United States and it acts as the Nation's
scorekeeper regarding the trends and anomalies of weather and climate.
NCDC's climate data is used in a variety of applications including
agriculture, air quality, construction, education, energy, engineering,
forestry, health, insurance, landscape design, livestock management,
manufacturing, recreation and tourism, retailing, transportation, and
water resources management. The Center's web site lists a number of
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A Paleoclimatological Perspective On Global Warming
is the study of past climate. This web site features information about
global change, global warming and more from the National Geophysical
The Arctic Theme Page - The education pages for this site include
many educational resources. For example, you can find information on
tracking the location of the North Magnetic Pole, what kind of research is
done by arctic submarines, the location of a virtual classroom,
how to understand latitude, and the page includes
a polar climate section for young children.
The National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) is a federal information
and referral center supporting polar and cryospheric research with
information on snow cover, avalanches, glaciers, ice sheets, freshwater
ice, sea ice, ground ice, permafrost, atmospheric ice, paleoglaciology,
and ice cores. Though the data products are targeted for the science
research community, education resources for teachers and students are
(This is a not a U.S. Government website. NOAA is not responsible for the content of external internet sites).
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Observations are fundamental to describing,
understanding and predicting the Earth's climate system. NOAA gathers, analyzes and archives data from the
oceans, atmosphere and land surfaces from different parts of the globe.
NOAA's mission is to understand and predict the oceans and atmosphere on timescales from minutes
to centuries. To accomplish this goal, NOAA has deployed an array of global sensors that work together
to provide data needed by scientists. These complementary systems, with information about the
global oceans and atmosphere, operate at different altitudes with different instruments and include:
- Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites - NOAA has two GOES satellites that
monitor the Western Hemisphere and the Pacific Ocean from goestationary orbit 35,800 kilometers
(22,300 miles) above the equator. Because they stay above a fixed spot on the surface, they provide constant
vigil for the atmospheric "triggers" for severe weather conditions like tornadoes, flash floods,
hail storms, and hurricanes. To learn more about
Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites and to access real time images, click
- Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites - NOAA's two operational polar orbiting
satellites scan the entire earth once every six hours from altitudes
of about 850 kilometers (529 miles). Because of their polar orbiting nature, the POES series satellites
are able to collect global data on a daily basis. Data from the POES series supports a broad range of environmental monitoring
applications including weather analysis and forecasting,
volcanic eruption monitoring, forest fire detection, search and rescue, and many
other applications. To see a menu of products from the Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites
- Air Platforms - NOAA Aircraft have a rich history of investigating hazardous weather which has led to
better prediction of hurricanes, tornadoes, and winter storms. NOAA is also investigating a new generation of unmanned aeronautical vehicles (UAVs) to provide
accurate vertical soundings of atmospheric conditions and chemical composition to complement the satellite
sensors. To learn more about NOAA aircraft click here.
- Surface and Submarine Platforms - NOAA ships have explored the ocean surface and plumbed its depths. NOAA,
along with several other organizations, is now deploying an innovative array of Argo "floats" that descend
several thousand meters into the ocean and then rise again to measure temperature, salinity, and ocean current.
Several years ago, NOAA deployed the TAO/TRITON array of buoys in the tropical Pacific that helped to predict
the El Niņo/La Niņa cycle. To learn more about the Argo "floats"
click here (this is a not a U.S. Government website. NOAA is not responsible for the content of external internet sites) and to learn about the TAO/TRITON array click
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- Satellite Information for Educators
- Information for teachers, students and the general public can be found by clicking
- Global Observation Methods - A letter-sized poster in pdf format can be found by clicking
- Where in the World is Tomorrow Now? - To see where it's already tomorrow, click
- Educational Atmospheric Science-Related Information can be found
here. (This is a not a U.S. Government website. NOAA is not responsible for the content of external internet sites).
- Satellite-Based Activities and Images based on can be found by clicking here.
You'll need to download Flash Player, which is available at the site.
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Website Owner: NOAA Office of Education,
National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
United States Department of Commerce
Last Updated: November 30, 2010